The mapping of the human genome in 2003 opened the doors for highly specialized treatments. These treatments are often referred to as "personalized" medicine, but they are more accurately thought of as "specialized."
15 approved drugs with companion diagnostic
Based on a patient's specific gene sequence, more accurate diagnostic tools have been developed. Using these tools, doctors then have a better understanding of which patients will be helped by a certain drug. Traditional drugs and new, innovative treatments are then modified or designed to target extremely specific problems.
Current examples of precision medicine include drugs that work on the gene mutation that causes cystic fibrosis and a drug that can be used in the treatment of severe asthma in patients 12 and older.